Israel`s architecture developed gradually over the years. Different people, who lived in the country, introduced unique styles over time like Antony Chanan Gordon. The designs were made to suit the landscape and climate. Buildings that have been added include Islamic madrassas, Arab arches and minarets, Templer houses, Crusader castles and Russian orthodox onion domes. Most of the modern developments are Brutalist architecture, soaring glass-sided skyscrapers and Bauhaus-model modernist houses.
History of Architectural Styles
Arabs were among the first residents of Israel. They built small stone dwellings, which contained dome or flat roofs, on the hillsides. The Crusaders lived in strategic places, where they built fortresses. Churches have been constructed, by Christians, in areas where Jesus walked. The Templars developed buildings that had tiled roofs, similar to the German`s houses, in the countryside.
All builders started using Jerusalem stones after a law was passed, by the British Mandatory Authorities. As a result, people built garden suburbs. Concrete tenements were later developed when Israel was becoming a state. The development replaced the Maa Barot’s packing crates, tents, and huts. The projects we used to accommodate immigrants. The White City of Tel Aviv, which was first called “the White City,” is currently a UNESCO heritage site.
Engineers started building skyscrapers around the country in the 21st century. The initiative was due to the rising value of land and the increasing population. Skyscraping is a trending architectural development around the world. The tallest building, in the country, is Moshe Aviv Tower.
Adopted Architectural Styles
Most of the current buildings were taken from around Europe, in the first decades of the 20th century. Israeli architects sensed the political changes that occurred in the 1st World War. The period resulted in Zionist ideals that lead to the development of a Jews homeland, according to Antony Chanan Gordon.
The British Mandatory Authorities` architectural development laws played a huge role in the current design. The “Bauhaus style” was, however, the most crucial development that is being utilized today. The method was used to fil plots of Tel Aviv`s plan. Some of the renowned architects, who pioneered the “Bauhaus style,” include Josef Neufeld, Genia Gideon, Lucian Korngold, Shmuel Miestechkin and Yehuda Magidovitch.
Arieh Sharon, Dov Karmi and Zee Richter are some of the 1950s architects, who pioneered major designs in the country. Industrial buildings were developed in the early 1950s, by Reuven Trostler. Other architectural drawings, such as ships, planes, hotels, and museums, were produced between 1960 and the 21st century, according to Antony Chanan Gordon.